Nowadays online designers are becoming more and more fond of the 'less is more' approach. Minimalism is great for websites because they’ll load faster and are more compatible between screen sizes. Furthermore, simple UI designs also happen to be mobile-friendly, without the user or desktop experience being diminished.
The minimalistic approach turns the website’s content into the focal point of the designing process, meaning the website should be designed around it. In other words, site design begins with creating rough content, upon which the right amount user interface is built for easy navigation and identification of user goals.
Minimalistic web page design is accomplished by it being reduced to only the most crucial elements. Minimalism can be implemented in countless different ways, e.g. through playing with navigation, transitions, colors, broken composition, or even by completely getting rid of all elements. is achieved by reducing a design to only the most essential elements. Experimenting with colors, transitions, navigation, broken composition, or even the complete removal of all elements — there are more ways to implement minimalism than you can imagine.
A good example of a minimalistic website is Marie Laurent‘s portfolio.
Minimalistic web site design consists of the following principles:
There are several crucial practices to assist you in creating outstanding minimalistic themes or websites and other digital products such as apps.
You need to establish a focus if you want to successfully achieve web design minimalism. To put it simply, determine your website’s main use.
The following questions should be answered: Are you looking to open an online store? Are you looking to create a portfolio website? Is a blog something that you also want to include? Who is your target audience? What message do you want to get across? If your focus is clear, you can then concentrate on determining the pieces of information crucial to your design and then structure them by importance.
Minimalist websites give you no room for playing loose. There are deliberation and a purpose behind every page element. The design consists of only the most crucial elements.
‘Elements’ here refer to any individual interface units, including (but not limited to):
It’s not easy to determine whether ‘unnecessary’ elements are part of the interface if you don’t know the target tasks and users. Just be certain that you aren’t complicating your users’ primary tasks by hiding or removing necessary content.
Tips: Be ruthless when choosing what goes and what stays.
Once unnecessary elements are eliminated, empty space will appear in their places. This is what is known as negative or white space. It doesn’t have to be white, but it will always be empty. Even this empty space is crucial in conveying messages to users. It guides their attention and assists them indirectly receiving information without having to go through obtrusive elements.
Consider some of the following factors when creating negative space:
To be honest, there’s no one size that fits all. What’s important is considering these factors for each individual project.
Don’t go overboard with the number of colors used. However, a limited color scheme doesn’t mean that your only option is a black-and-white design with only one accent color. You can create a clean design that is still eye-catching thanks to its color use, as long as you stick to a narrow color scheme (no more than three colors).
Moruba‘s website is a great example of this as it achieves a minimalistic yet striking design thanks to it combining a bright shade of yellow with its black and white logo.
Minimalistic designs tend to be monochromatic, or they’ll have one bold accent color that gets used sparingly to highlight the website’s most important elements. These elements usually tend to be clickable.
However, keep the following things in mind when using a limited color scheme:
Look at how beautiful and simple Spotify‘s website thanks to its clever use of analogous color schemes.
Colors aren’t the only way to add allure to minimalistic websites. You can also use typography, fonts, and well-crafted interface texts, creating a clear page hierarchy so that users can determine what’s important with just a brief glance.
Check out some of the ways you can use typography and hierarchical fonts to create the best webpages:
Use fonts as little as possible: Try to use fonts as little as possible in order to ensure your design is less confusing and more cohesive. Using no more than three fonts is the best way to make sure your design remains functional and minimalistic, which is what Kalpakian managed to achieve with their design. Everything is easily legible thanks to using fonts sparingly and keeping the types of fonts at a minimum. The best choice of fonts to ensure a clean website design is Sans Serif fonts due to their crisp appearance.
Create text hierarchies: Clear text hierarchies can still be achieved even when only one text font or typography is used if you change the colors, alignments, positions, text sizes, and other properties. Look at this example where a clear hierarchy is achieved thanks to texts being featured in various fonts, positions, and sizes.
Designers will quite often hide part of the navigation or all of it when attempting to streamline the content and get rid of all unnecessary elements. A popular choice for modern website design, especially when it comes to minimalistic websites and mobile UIs, involves a menu icon that will expand to a full list of content. A result of this is navigation items becoming less discoverable.
You need to know who your users are and be aware of the context, and then decide if the hamburger menu is a good choice. Don’t choose something just because it’s all the rage, as this will just result in navigation elements that need to remain easily discoverable ending up hidden. If you’re a designer for minimalistic websites, you need to make sure that users can easily find what they’re looking for.
Words aren’t always able to clearly explain the services or functions of websites, so that’s why you should make complex instructions less complicated with the help of good images or photos that clarify them without using an abundance of words.
Hero headers and images are the most notable forms of artwork used in the minimalistic design. They consist of a dramatic image or slider located near the scroll’s top.
This allows for an entire universe of emotional connection and atmospheric settings – all of them relying on the image’s content – while keeping the minimalistic design’s interface simple.
Minimalism allows you to consider your design’s spatial relationship in a manner that might not have been possible before. Create a wider design by considering how it interacts with other elements.
The focal point of the organization is a strong grid. Negative space is used to tactically build the grid, and it allows the designer to arrange and place elements in a way that the purpose is made clear.
While most minimal website designs feature most of their content in the screen’s center. You can align elements anywhere along the grid – for example, you can align texts to the right, left, or center.
Arko is amazing at combining various styles of alignment to make things visually appealing and create balance with plenty of white space being used.
There are four forms of visual balance:
Horizontal Symmetry: There’s equal weight on both sides of the screen thanks to elements being similarly grouped as seen on Hungcwot
Approximate Symmetry: The visual weight is the same despite the elements being different on the screen; this is usually accomplished by combining plenty of space or a single big element with a group of smaller elements. A good example of this can be found on Squarespace
Radial Symmetry: The design’s focal point begins in the screen’s center, moving outwards in what resembles a concentric-circle pattern style, e.g. the Carlo Barberis
Asymmetry:The design elements deliberately contrast each other with their colors, shapes, and style sizes. This type of layout is the most difficult to successfully execute, given the fine line between an aesthetically pleasing design and a confusing mess. You can find this type of layout on Julie Flogeac‘s webpage.
Much like other elements, animation should stick to the rules of minimalism: subtlety and essential elements only. There’s a purpose behind good UI animation: it’s functional and meaningful. For example, it could be used to save screen space (with hidden details being revealed on hover). The UI Movement page’s animation boosts discoverability, adding some fun to what would usually be a mundane task.
Although minimalistic websites have many pluses, not all websites will benefit from having this type of design. In fact, yellow page type websites that act as useful sources of information for various topics will become confusing if their design is too simple, and their information will also seem less credible/trustworthy.
Therefore, it makes more sense to select a minimalist design based on the features of your website along with your target audience’s and users’ needs. Bear in mind that minimalism isn’t about getting rid of elements, it’s about including just the right amount in order to get your story told.
We hope that you will find this article helpful when creating a minimalist website that functions well, looks good, and stands out.